Fire Reduction, Response, and Restoration Careers are the Path Forward

Steve Frisch

Steve Frisch

SBC President

Jill Sanford

Jill Sanford

Communications Manager

Since 2018, over 10 million acres of forested lands in California have burned. Forested, rural communities have been decimated by record-breaking wildfires accelerated by climate change. In 2021, record-breaking wildfires destroyed multiple communities and 2.5 million acres and experts estimate the 2018 Camp Fire alone cost California $9.3 billion. 

Wildfires also affect the health and safety of communities outside of wildfire-prone areas, including urban centers, with reduced air quality and increased health issues. In response, public safety and ecology experts have charged the forestry workforce to treat one million acres of forested land annually to mitigate future wildfires and respond to growing climate change needs. 

However, the forestry workforce supply is not meeting employer demand, which has led industry experts and leaders to call for action. 

Skilled workers are the linchpin to addressing the economic and climate crises in California’s forested, rural communities. Building the forestry and fire-safety sectors could contribute approximately $39 billion in forestry-products and fire-resiliency industries and add 177,000 jobs to the California workforce. 

California has 20% of all net worth concentrated in the 30 wealthiest zip codes; yet forested, rural regions suffer with median incomes significantly below the state. 20 percent of the population in the Sierra Nevada region are already living below the poverty line and 11 percent of the region’s educated or trained workers are unemployed. With these communities doubly impacted by the pandemic, workers need support to get into quality jobs now. 

The following table provides the current employment and income statuses of various industries in need of strengthening and enhancement:  

December 2021 Industry Employment and Median Income by Industry



Median Industry Income

Fire management 



Forestry and logging 



Wood biomass electricity 



Solid wood product manufacturing 



Pulp and paper manufacturing 



Wood furniture manufacturing 



Utility arborists and assessors 



While these positions are in-demand, there remains a gap between the open positions and workforce supply of skilled labor. Four of the top challenges for these sectors include: 

  • Lack of on-the-job training, specifically related to management and operations 
  • A disproportionately large amount of personnel within the sector are reaching retirement  age 
  • Negative perceptions of the industry among young people 
  • Reaching underserved populations with labor market barriers 


Four firefighters cutting handline. Photo of the Plumas Hotshots.
Four firefighters cutting handline. Historic Photo of the Plumas Hotshots. Forest Service photo courtesy of the California Interagency Hotshots Steering Committee

The emerging climate-resilient landscapes sector has the potential to grow into a $39 billion industry with 177,000 jobs in California. There are projected shortages of 6,000 fire managers, 4,000 conservation scientists and foresters, 7,000 loggers, and 1,500 utility line clearance  technicians, all of which are well-paying jobs with benefits. The magnitude and urgency of the need for skilled workers and the potential for growth calls for disruptive innovation in how workforce training programs collaborate with industry. 

Here at Sierra Business Council, we support strategically coordinating and expanding forestry and fire-safety training programs in the Sierra Nevada and Cascade regions of northeastern California. We can achieve this by:

This is a generation-changing moment to place skilled workers in quality, demand-driven jobs that will rebuild communities and promote economic recovery and resilience. 

Increasing California’s workforce capacity will both meet employer demand and mitigate the climate crisis. Our long-term goal is to professionalize careers that safeguard the health of forests, reduce wildfire risk, and trigger innovations in environmental restoration, while directly benefiting underserved Californians by providing pathways into high-demand, high quality forestry and conservation careers.

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